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# Calculating VAT Backwards: How to Find the Original Price Before Tax

by | Mar 22, 2023 | 0 comments

• What is VAT and why is it important to calculate it?
• Importance of calculating VAT for businesses and consumers
• How to calculate VAT backwards
• The formula for calculating original price before VAT
• Example calculations
• Step-by-step guide for calculating original price before VAT

## Introduction

Value-added tax (VAT) is a type of consumption tax that is added to the value of goods and services. It is a tax that is charged at each stage of the supply chain, from production to the point of sale. In most countries, VAT is a significant source of revenue for the government. VAT rates vary from country to country, but in general, they range from 5% to 27%.

If you are a consumer or a business owner, it is important to understand how to calculate VAT. This is especially true if you want to know the original price of an item before tax was added. In this article, we will explain what VAT is and why it is important to calculate it. We will also show you the formula for calculating VAT backwards and how you can use it to find the original price of an item.

## What is VAT and why is it important to calculate it?

Value-added tax (VAT) is a tax that is added to the value of goods and services. It is a tax on consumption and is charged at each stage of the supply chain. The tax is ultimately paid by the final consumer, but it is collected by businesses on behalf of the government. VAT is an important source of revenue for governments, and it is used to fund public services and infrastructure.

There are several reasons why it is important to calculate VAT. Some of the most common reasons include:

• To calculate the cost of goods and services: When you buy goods or services, the price you pay includes VAT. To understand the true cost of the item, you need to know how much VAT is included in the price.
• To claim VAT back: If you are a business owner, you may be able to claim back the VAT you pay on goods and services that you buy for your business. To do this, you need to know how much VAT you paid.
• To compare prices: When you are shopping for goods or services, it is important to compare prices. To do this, you need to know the price of the item before VAT was added.

## What is the formula for calculating VAT backwards?

If you know the price of an item including VAT and you want to find out the original price before VAT was added, you can use the following formula:

Original price = Price including VAT ÷ (1 + VAT rate)

The formula is simple and easy to use. All you need is the price of the item including VAT and the VAT rate.

Let’s look at an example. Say you bought a shirt for \$60 including VAT, and the VAT rate is 20%. To find out the original price before VAT was added, you would use the formula:

Original price = \$60 ÷ (1 + 0.20)

Original price = \$50

So the original price of the shirt before VAT was added was \$50.

## How can I calculate the original price of an item if I know the price including VAT?

To calculate the original price of an item if you know the price including VAT, you need to follow these steps:

### Step 1: Determine the VAT rate

The first step is to determine the VAT rate that was applied to the item. The VAT rate may be different for different types of goods and services, so it is important to check the rate that applies to the item you are interested in.

### Step 2: Convert the VAT rate to a decimal

Once you know the VAT rate, you need to convert it to a decimal. To do this, simply divide the VAT rate by 100. For example, if the VAT rate is 20%, you would divide 20 by 100 to get 0.20.

### Step 3: Divide the price including VAT by (1 + VAT rate)

The next step is to divide the price including VAT by (1 + the VAT rate). This will give you the original price before VAT was added. For example, if the price including VAT is \$120 and the VAT rate is 20%, you would divide \$120 by (1 + 0.20), which gives you \$100.

### Step 4: Round the result if necessary

The final step is to round the result if necessary. Depending on the currency and the precision required, you may need to round the result to the nearest cent or dollar. For example, if the result is \$100.50, you would round it to \$100.

Let’s look at another example. Say you bought a computer for \$1,200 including VAT, and the VAT rate is 10%. To find out the original price before VAT was added, you would use the following steps:

### Step 1: Determine the VAT rate

The VAT rate is 10%.

### Step 2: Convert the VAT rate to a decimal

10% divided by 100 is 0.10.

### Step 3: Divide the price including VAT by (1 + VAT rate)

\$1,200 divided by (1 + 0.10) is \$1,090.91.

### Step 4: Round the result if necessary

The result is \$1,090.91, which can be rounded to \$1,091.

So the original price of the computer before VAT was added was \$1,091.

## Conclusion

Calculating VAT backwards can be a useful skill for consumers and business owners. By knowing the original price of an item before VAT was added, you can understand the true cost of the item, compare prices, and claim back VAT if you are a business owner. The formula for calculating VAT backwards is simple and easy to use. All you need is the price including VAT and the VAT rate. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can calculate the original price of an item quickly and easily. 